Medical Coding and Billing Job Description

What Medical Coders and Billers Do

Medical coders and billers assign industry standard codes to the tests, diagnoses, treatments, and procedures that were recorded in the patient’s medical file during an office visit or hospital stay. Those codes are then used to apply dollar amounts for billing insurance, Medicare, Medicaid, and the patient. Basically, coding is applying codes to the medical record and billing is applying dollar amounts.

In the past, the jobs of coding and billing used to be 2 separate jobs. Now, most companies have combined both jobs into one- medical coding and billing.

Medical coders and billers work in pleasant and comfortable offices. This is one of the few health-related occupations in which there is no direct hands-on patient care.


Outpatient Coders vs. Inpatient Coders

There are two types of medical coding; outpatient coding and inpatient coding.

  If you are looking into training, try to find a course that includes both outpatient and inpatient coding. Then you will be qualified for 2 different career paths.


Medical coding and billing jobs within the top 4 industries:

General medical and surgical hospitals; state, local, and private 37%
Physician offices 22%
Nursing and residential care facilities 9%
Government 5%

Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor, Occupational Outlook Handbook, 2014-15 Edition