Medical coders and billers generally have either an associate degree or a medical coding and billing certificate. Normally, employers require either a certificate or a degree. Typical coursework in medical coding and billing include medical terminology, anatomy and physiology, pharmacology, health data requirements and standards, medical record types and formats, clinical classification and coding systems, healthcare reimbursement methods, database security and management, and quality improvement methods. For more information on medical coding and billing training, see Training.
Most employers prefer to hire credentialed medical coders and billers. Additionally, according to the American Academy of Professional Coders (AAPC), certified coders and billers earn 17% more than non-credentialed coders. A number of organizations offer credentials typically based on passing a credentialing exam. The most common entry level certifications include:
More detailed information on medical coding and billing certifications can be found on the Certification page.